- Ph.D., Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky, 2008
- Postdoctoral training, Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Cincinnati Children’s Hospital
In the Correll Lab, our major research interests are the molecular processes that underlie the pathogenesis and progression of cardiac disease, with a focus on understanding how unfolded protein response signaling and dysregulation of calcium handling control remodeling of the heart after acute injury or chronic stress
The role of ER stress response signaling in cardiac remodeling
Most cardiac disease processes, including myocardial infarction (MI) and pressure overload stress, result in compromised functioning of the protein folding machinery in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). This ER stress results in activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR) which comprises a set of signaling cascades that increase the population of ER protein chaperones, reduce protein translation, and in cases of extreme or prolonged stress, initiate apoptosis. Our work and that of others has identified that activation of one of these UPR signaling proteins, known as ATF6, seems to play a protective role in the diseased heart. Our ongoing studies now seek to understand the cellular contexts in which ATF6 is active during disease, as well as elucidate the mechanisms that control its activation in the heart.
Understanding calcium-dependent signaling that drives cardiac hypertrophy
Prolonged hemodynamic stress due to diseases such as chronic hypertension or aortic stenosis results in compensatory remodeling of the heart that increases the size (but not number) of myocytes in a process known as cardiac hypertrophy. While this remodeling initially serves to maintain cardiac output, prolonged stress eventually results in cardiac decompensation, typified by replacement of myocytes with noncompliant fibrotic tissue, cardiac dilation, and reduced function culminating in heart failure. Thus, the signaling processes that initiate hypertrophic remodeling are of importance in our understanding of the pathogenesis of cardiac disease. In fact, many of the hypertrophic signaling pathways that have been identified over the past 20 years are regulated by calcium, including the calcineurin/NFAT pathway and CaMKII. Currently, we are seeking to understand how the microdomains containing hypertrophic signaling molecules are organized and regulated using genetic mouse models that increase or decrease activity of L-type calcium channels localized to caveolae, as well as adenoviruses that overexpress modulatory regions of the L-type channel.
Correll RN. 2017. Training for Success. Circ. Res. 121:488.
Correll RN, JM Lynch, TG Schips, V Prasad, AJ York, MA Sargent, DXP Brochet, J Ma, and JD Molkentin. 2017. Mitsugumin 29 regulates t-tubule architecture in the failing heart. Sci. Rep. 7:5328.
Correll RN, CA Makarewich, H Zhang, C Zhang, MA Sargent, AJ York, RM Berretta, X Chen, SR Houser, and JD Molkentin. 2017. Caveolae-localized L-type Ca2+ channels do not contribute to function or hypertrophic signaling in the mouse heart. Cardiovasc. Res. 113:749.
Davis J, LC Davis, RN Correll, CA Makarewich, JA Schwanekamp, F Moussavi-Harami, D Wang, AJ York, H Wu, SR Houser, CE Seidman, JG Seidman, M Regnier, JM Metzger, JC Wu, and JD Molkentin. 2016. A tension-based model distinguishes hypertrophic versus dilated cardiomyopathy. Cell 165:1147.
Correll RN, SA Goonasekera, JH van Berlo, AR Burr, F Accornero, H Zhang, CA Makarewich, AJ York, MA Sargent, X Chen, SR Houser, and JD Molkentin. 2015. STIM1 elevation in the heart results in aberrant Ca2+ handling and cardiomyopathy. J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol. 87:38.
Correll RN, P Eder, AR Burr, S Despa, J Davis, DM Bers, and JD Molkentin. 2014. Overexpression of the Na+/K+ ATPase α2 but not α1 isoform attenuates pathological cardiac hypertrophy and remodeling. Circ. Res. 114:249.
Correll RN and JD Molkentin. 2013. CaMKII does it again: even the mitochondria cannot escape its influence. Circ. Res. 112:1208.
Makarewich CA, RN Correll, H Gao, H Zhang, B Yang, RM Berretta, V Rizzo, JD Molkentin, and SR Houser. 2012. A caveolae-targeted L-type Ca2+ channel antagonist inhibits hypertrophic signaling without reducing cardiac contractility. Circ. Res. 110:669.
Correll RN, C Pang, DM Niedowicz, J Satin, and DA Andres. 2008. Calmodulin binding is dispensable for Rem-mediated Ca2+ channel inhibition. Mol. Cell. Biochem. 310:103.
Correll RN, C Pang, DM Niedowicz, BS Finlin, and DA Andres. 2008. The RGK family of GTP-binding proteins: Regulators of voltage-dependent calcium channels and cytoskeleton remodeling. Cell Signal. 20:292.
Correll RN, GJ Botzet, J Satin, DA Andres, and BS Finlin. 2008. Analysis of the Rem2 – voltage dependent calcium channel β subunit interaction and Rem2 interaction with phosphorylated phosphatidylinositide lipids. Cell Signal. 20:400.
Correll RN, C Pang, BS Finlin, AM Dailey, J Satin, and DA Andres. 2007. Plasma membrane targeting is essential for Rem-mediated Ca2+ channel inhibition. J. Biol. Chem. 282:28431.
Finlin BS, RN Correll, SM Crump, J Satin, and DA Andres. 2006. Analysis of the complex between Ca2+ channel β-subunit and the Rem GTPase. J. Biol. Chem. 281:23557.